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Yana
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I thought it might be fun to post who died for each day... I will post them on the day after this first post, I will just play a little catch up with this one...

October 1st- Director, scriptwriter, and inventor. Born on January 3, 1900, in San Francisco, California. Dorothy Arzner was a pioneer in the film industry. She became one of the early female directors. Growing up, Arzner dreamed of becoming a doctor. She even went as far as spending two years as a pre-med student at the University of South California. But Arzner

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October 6th- Bette Davis: Actress. Born on April 5, 1908, in Lowell, Massachusetts. For decades, Bette Davis was one of Hollywood

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October 7th- Edgar Allan Poe: Poet and writer, born January 19, 1809 in Boston, Massachusetts, USA. He was abandoned by his father when a baby and his mother died before he was three, so he was taken as a foster child into the home of John Allan, a Richmond, VA tobacco merchant whose business took him to Britain, where Poe was educated (1815

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October 8th- Franklin Pierce: Franklin Pierce became President at a time of apparent tranquility. The United States, by virtue of the Compromise of 1850, seemed to have weathered its sectional storm. By pursuing the recommendations of southern advisers, Pierce--a New Englander--hoped to prevent still another outbreak of that storm. But his policies, far from preserving calm, hastened the disruption of the Union.

Born in Hillsborough, New Hampshire, in 1804, Pierce attended Bowdoin College. After graduation he studied law, then entered politics. At 24 he was elected to the New Hampshire legislature; two years later he became its Speaker. During the 1830's he went to Washington, first as a Representative, then as a Senator.

Pierce, after serving in the Mexican War, was proposed by New Hampshire friends for the Presidential nomination in 1852. At the Democratic Convention, the delegates agreed easily enough upon a platform pledging undeviating support of the Compromise of 1850 and hostility to any efforts to agitate the slavery question. But they balloted 48 times and eliminated all the well-known candidates before nominating Pierce, a true "dark horse."

Probably because the Democrats stood more firmly for the Compromise than the Whigs, and because Whig candidate Gen. Winfield Scott was suspect in the South, Pierce won with a narrow margin of popular votes.

Two months before he took office, he and his wife saw their eleven-year-old son killed when their train was wrecked. Grief-stricken, Pierce entered the Presidency nervously exhausted.

In his Inaugural he proclaimed an era of peace and prosperity at home, and vigor in relations with other nations. The United States might have to acquire additional possessions for the sake of its own security, he pointed out, and would not be deterred by "any timid forebodings of evil."

Pierce had only to make gestures toward expansion to excite the wrath of northerners, who accused him of acting as a cat's-paw of Southerners eager to extend slavery into other areas. Therefore he aroused apprehension when he pressured Great Britain to relinquish its special interests along part of the Central American coast, and even more when he tried to persuade Spain to sell Cuba.

But the most violent renewal of the storm stemmed from the Kansas-Nebraska Act, which repealed the Missouri Compromise and reopened the question of slavery in the West. This measure, the handiwork of Senator Stephen A. Douglas, grew in part out of his desire to promote a railroad from Chicago to California through Nebraska. Already Secretary of War Jefferson Davis, advocate of a southern transcontinental route, had persuaded Pierce to send James Gadsden to Mexico to buy land for a southern railroad. He purchased the area now comprising southern Arizona and part of southern New Mexico for $10,000,000.

Douglas's proposal, to organize western territories through which a railroad might run, caused extreme trouble. Douglas provided in his bills that the residents of the new territories could decide the slavery question for themselves. The result was a rush into Kansas, as southerners and northerners vied for control of the territory. Shooting broke out, and "bleeding Kansas" became a prelude to the Civil War.

By the end of his administration, Pierce could claim "a peaceful condition of things in Kansas." But, to his disappointment, the Democrats refused to renominate him, turning to the less controversial Buchanan. Pierce returned to New Hampshire, leaving his successor to face the rising fury of the sectional whirlwind. He died in 1869.

U.S. Presidents: United in Service

Take a look at presidential biographies made by kids and videos about service from the President's Council on Service and Civic Participation.

Fourteenth President

1853-1857

Born: November 23, 1804 in Hillsboro, New Hampshire

Died: October 8, 1869 in Concord, New Hampshire

Married to Jane Means Appleton Pierce

John Hancock: Born: 12 January 1737

Birthplace: Braintree, Massachusetts

Died: 8 October 1793

Best Known As: The Founding Father with the giant signature

John Hancock's flamboyant signature on the Declaration of Independence made him an American legend. A Harvard graduate, Hancock was a prosperous Boston businessman who nonetheless favored American independence from Great Britain. He became a Massachusetts representative to the Continental Congress, and was elected president of the Continental Congress in 1775. As such, Hancock was the first to sign the Declaration of Independence in July of 1776. He wrote his name at the center of the page in extra-large script. Referring to a bounty the British had put on the heads of revolutionaries, he remarked, "The British ministry can read that name without spectacles; let them double their reward." (Hence, "John Hancock" became a slang term for any signature.) Hancock was later elected the first governor of the commonwealth of Massachusetts, serving in that position from 1780-85 and from 1787 until his death in 1793.

Hancock is buried in the Old Granary Burying Ground in Boston, Massachusetts... The John Hancock insurance company is, indeed, named for Hancock.

John Hancock (1737-1793) signed the Declaration of Independence and was a leader of the movementtoward revolution in the American colonies. Later prominent in the Continental Congress, he was elected Massachusetts governor for nine terms.

Born at Braintree, Mass., on Jan. 23, 1737, John Hancock was reared in the piety and penury of a Congregational minister's household. He was 7 when his father died and he became a ward of his uncle, a prominent Boston merchant. Hancock graduated from Harvard in 1754, served for a time in his uncle's office as a clerk, and went to London in 1760 as the firm's representative. In England he witnessed the pageantry unfurled for the new king, George III, but he was not enthralled by life in the imperial capital and returned to his Boston mansion. In 1763 Hancock became a partner in his uncle's prosperous importing and provisioning business.

When his uncle died in 1764, Hancock inherited property worth almost

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Here too I am going to try only the name and the date they past away, so it's not so long...

Carolyn Heilbrun (wrote under Carolyn Amanda Cross) 2003

Herbert Ross 2001

Doris Lilly 1991

Clare Boothe Luce: 1982

Miriam Hopkins 1972

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Hi, Yana! Great thread. Franklin Pierce was the great-great uncle of Barbara Pierce Bush, as in George W. Bush's mom. After leaving Washington, Pierce was such a broken man he reportedly became a chronic alcoholic and recluse.

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Thanks for that Len... I have been using a source that isn't that great, but was blessed by a source angel and now have a really good source for the information, but if someone knows of something I missed, please add it... It would be a huge help... Thanks again!!!

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October 11

1188 - Robert I of Dreux, son of Louis VI of France

1303 - Pope Boniface VIII

1347 - Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1282)

1424 - Jan

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October 12...

632 - Edwin of Deira, King of Northumbria and Bretwalda

638 - Pope Honorius I

642 - Pope John IV

1095 - Margrave Leopold II of Austria (b. 1050)

1176 - William d'Aubigny, 1st Earl of Arundel, English politician

1320 - Michael IX Palaeologus, co-ruling Eastern Roman Emperor

1491 - Fritz Herlen, German artist

1492 - Piero della Francesca, Italian painter

1565 - Jean Ribault, French explorer and colonizer (b. 1520)

1576 - Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1527)

1590 - Kano Eitoku, Japanese painter (b. 1543)

1600 - Luis Molina, Spanish Jesuit (b. 1535)

1632 - Kutsuki Mototsuna, Japanese samurai commander (b. 1549)

1646 - Fran

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October 13...

54 - Claudius, Roman Emperor (b. 10 BC)

1093 - Robert I, Count of Flanders

1282 - Nichiren Japanese founder of Nichiren Buddhism (b. 1222)

1415 - Thomas FitzAlan, 12th Earl of Arundel, English military leader (b. 1381)

1508 - Edmund de Ros, 11th Baron de Ros, English politician (b. 1446)

1605 - Theodore Beza, French theologian (b. 1519)

1673 - Kristoffer Gabel, Danish statesman (b. 1617)

1687 - Geminiano Montanari, Italian astronomer (b. 1633)

1694 - Samuel von Pufendorf, German jurist (b. 1632)

1706 - Iyasus the Great, Emperor of Ethiopia (b. 1682)

1715 - Nicolas Malebranche, French philosopher (b. 1638)

1759 - John Henley, English minister (b. 1692)

1788 - Robert Nugent, 1st Earl Nugent, Irish politician and poet (b. 1702)

1812 - Sir Isaac Brock, British general (killed in battle) (b. 1769)

1815 - Joachim Murat, French marshal and King of Naples (executed) (b. 1767)

1825 - Maximilian I of Bavaria (b. 1756)

1869 - Charles Augustin Sainte-Beuve, French literary critic (b. 1804)

1882 - Arthur de Gobineau, French philosopher (b. 1816)

1890 - Samuel Freeman Miller, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (b. 1816)

1904 - Pavlos Melas, Greek officer who organized and participated in the Greek Struggle for Macedonia (b. 1870)

1905 - Sir Henry Irving, the first British actor to be knighted (b. 1838)

1909 - Francisco Ferrer Guardia, Spanish free-thinker (b. 1849)

1917 - Florence La Badie, American actress

1919 - Karl Adolph Gjellerup, Danish writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1857)

1926 - Hans E. Kinck, Norwegian author and philologist (b. 1865)

1931 - Ernst Didring, Swedish author (b. 1868)

1938 - E.C. Segar, American cartoonist (Popeye) (b. 1894)

1945 - Milton S. Hershey, American chocolate tycoon (b. 1857)

1950 - Ernest Haycox, American writer (b. 1899)

1955 - Manuel

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October 14th...

1066 - Harold Godwinson, King of England

1092 - Nizam al-Mulk, Persian vizier (b. 1018)

1256 - Kujo Yoritsugu, Japanese shogun (b. 1239)

1318 - Edward Bruce, High King of Ireland

1552 - Oswald Myconius, Swiss Protestant reformer (b. 1488)

1565 - Thomas Chaloner, English statesman and poet (b. 1521)

1568 - Jacques Arcadelt, Flemish composer

1610 - Amago Yoshihisa, Japanese samurai and warlord (b. 1540)

1619 - Samuel Daniel, English poet (b. 1562)

1637 - Gabriello Chiabrera, Italian poet (b. 1552)

1660 - Thomas Harrison, English Puritan soldier (b. 1606)

1669 - Antonio Cesti, Italian composer (b. 1623)

1703 - Thomas Hansen Kingo, Danish poet (b. 1634)

1711 - Tewoflos, Emperor of Ethiopia (b. 1708)

1758 - Francis Edward James Keith, Scottish soldier and Prussian field marshal (b. 1696)

1831 - Jean-Louis Pons, French astronomer (b. 1761)

1911 - John Marshall Harlan, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (b. 1833)

1944 - Erwin Rommel, German field marshall (b. 1891)

1958 - Douglas Mawson, Australian Antarctic explorer (b. 1882)

1959 - Errol Flynn, Australian actor (b. 1909)

1960 - Abram Ioffe, Russian physicist (b. 1880)

1961 - Paul Ramadier, French politician (b. 1888)

1961 - Harriet Shaw Weaver, English political activist (b. 1876)

1967 - Marcel Aym

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October 16th...

1355 - Louis, King of Sicily, felled by the Black Death

1553 - Lucas Cranach the Elder, German painter (b. 1472)

1555 - Hugh Latimer, English Protestant (martyred)

1555 - Nicholas Ridley, English Protestant (martyred)

1591 - Pope Gregory XIV (b. 1535)

1594 - William Cardinal Allen, English Catholic cardinal (b. 1532)

1621 - Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck, Dutch composer (b. 1562)

1628 - Fran

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October 17th...

532 - Pope Boniface II

1174 - Queen Petronila of Aragon (b. 1135)

1586 - Philip Sidney, English courtier, soldier, and writer (killed in battle) (b. 1554)

1616 - John Pitts, Catholic scholar and writer. (b. 1560)

1660 - Adrian Scrope, English regicide (b. 1601)

1673 - Thomas Clifford, 1st Baron Clifford of Chudleigh, English statesman (b. 1630)

1757 - Ren

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October 18th...

1035 - Sancho III of Navarre

1101 - Hugh of Vermandois, son of Henry I of France (b. 1053)

1141 - Margrave Leopold IV of Austria

1382 - James Butler, 2nd Earl of Ormonde (b. 1331)

1417 - Pope Gregory XII

1503 - Pope Pius III (b. 1439)

1541 - Margaret Tudor, Queen of Scotland (b. 1489)

1545 - John Taverner, English composer

1558 - Maria of Austria, wife of Louis II of Hungary and Bohemia (b. 1505)

1564 - Johannes Acronius Frisius, German physician and mathematician (b. 1520)

1570 - Manoel da N

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October 19th:

727 - Saint Frideswide

1187 - Pope Urban III

1216 - King John

1432 - John de Mowbray, 2nd Duke of Norfolk, English politician (b. 1392)

1587 - Francesco I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (b. 1541)

1608 - Martin Delrio, Flemish theologian and occultist (b. 1551)

1636 - Marcin Kazanowski, Polish politician

1682 - Thomas Browne, English writer (b. 1605)

1723 - Godfrey Kneller, German-born painter (b. 1646)

1745 - Jonathan Swift, Irish author (b. 1667)

1790 - Lyman Hall, American signer of the Declaration of Independence (b. 1724)

1813 - J

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